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  • Monday, July 02, 2012
    Monthly Briefing
    June 2012 Briefing - Family Practice



    Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for June 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

    Hep B Screening Urged Before TNF-Alpha Inhibitor Therapy

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- All patients with psoriasis should be screened for hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis B core antibody prior to the initiation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor therapy, according to research published online June 25 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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    Objective Decrease in Hot Flashes After Acute Exercise

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- For perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, a bout of moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) is associated with objective and subjective improvements in hot flashes (HFs), but performing more moderate PA than usual correlates with more self-reported HFs for women with lower levels of fitness, according to a study published online June 25 in Menopause.

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    Vegetable Consumption Lowers Risk of Acute Pancreatitis

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Vegetable consumption significantly reduces the risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis, according to a study published online June 27 in Gut.

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    Myrbetriq Approved for Overactive Bladder

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Myrbetriq (mirabegron) has been approved to treat adults with overactive bladder, a condition affecting some 33 million Americans, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday in a news release.

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    Fluticasone Improves Histologic Eosinophilia in Esophagitis

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Swallowing aerosolized fluticasone improves histologic eosinophilia but does not improve dysphagia symptoms in adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), according to a study published online in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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    Biophysical Abnormalities Seen in Aorta of Obese Children

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children have abnormal measurements of the biophysical properties of the aorta, reflecting increased aortic stiffness and early cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online June 25 in The American Journal of Cardiology.

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    New Single Tablet for HIV Is Integrase Inhibitor Based

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- For treatment-naive patients with HIV-1 infection, the once-daily tablet with HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitor elvitegravir (EVG), co-formulated with the CYP3A4 inhibitor cobicistat (COBI), emtricitabine (FTC), and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), also known as EVG/COBI/FTC/TDF, is noninferior to a ritonavir-boosted (RTV) protease inhibitor regimen of atazanavir (ATV)/RTV+FTC/TDF, according to a phase 3 study published online June 29 in The Lancet.

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    Impact of Cutaneous Lupus on Quality of Life Evaluated

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) similarly negatively impacts quality of life among patients treated at two different centers, according to a study published online June 18 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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    Survivorship of Uncemented Acetabular Parts Compared

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- For total hip arthroplasty revisions, titanium wire mesh cups and cross-linked polyethylene liners are among new uncemented acetabular components that improve long-term implant survival, according to a study published in the June 20 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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    Heart Problems Seen in Fetal Growth-Restricted Pregnancy

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Women with normotensive fetal growth-restricted pregnancies have impaired myocardial relaxation and asymptomatic diastolic dysfunction, according to a study published online June 25 in Hypertension.

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    Lengthy Periods of Standing, Working Impact Fetal Growth

    FRIDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Long periods of standing and long working hours per week during pregnancy may negatively influence intrauterine growth, including fetal weight and head circumference (HC), according to a study published online June 27 in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

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    Aspirin Use Linked to Reduced Risk of Barrett's Esophagus

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Current aspirin users have a significantly reduced risk of being diagnosed with Barrett's esophagus (BE) on first endoscopy compared with nonusers, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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    Supreme Court Upholds Health Care Reform Law

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Supreme Court voted June 28 to uphold the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), which has been the subject of debate and multiple lawsuits since its 2010 inception.

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    Muscle Mass Linked to Parameters of Bone Health

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Muscle mass is associated with bone parameters at several sites in the body, according to a study published online May 23 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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    One in Five Newly Admitted to Nursing Home Falls During Stay

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- About 20 percent of patients who are newly admitted to a nursing home sustain a fall during their stay, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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    Hyperinsulinemia in Early Adulthood Tied to Later HTN

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with hyperinsulinemia are significantly more likely to have hypertension (HTN) later in life, regardless of sex, ethnicity, or body weight, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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    Omega-3 Supplements Reduce Inflammation in Overweight

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults who are healthy but overweight and sedentary, taking omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can reduce levels of inflammatory markers, according to a study published online May 26 in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

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    FDA Clears First Weight-Loss Pill in 13 Years

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The Arena Pharmaceuticals drug Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the first approval of an anti-obesity medication in 13 years.

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    Linagliptin Noninferior to Glimepiride in Type 2 Diabetes

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin is noninferior to the sulphonylurea glimepiride for second-line glycemic control and is associated with significantly less hypoglycemia and fewer cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online June 28 in The Lancet.

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    Longer Labor for Women With Fear of Childbirth

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Women with a fear of childbirth have a significantly increased duration of labor, even after adjusting for multiple confounding variables, according to a study published online June 27 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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    Risk of Second Primary Melanoma Up in Pediatric Patients

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric patients diagnosed with an invasive cutaneous melanoma have nearly double the relative risk of developing a subsequent primary melanoma, compared with adults, according to a study published online June 20 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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    Prolonged Disability Predictors Identified for Low Back Pain

    THURSDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP), impaired fasting glucose tolerance, greater pain-related disability, higher body mass index, and lower quality of life (QoL) at baseline are all associated with an increased pain-related disability at one year, according to a study published online June 20 in Spine.

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    ART Live-Birth Rates Can Approach Natural Fecundity

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- During assisted reproductive technology, increasing maternal age and number of cycles is linked to lower live-birth rates with the use of autologous oocytes, but not donor oocytes, according to a study published in the June 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Men and Women Appear to Respond Differently to Statins

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Statin therapy appears to reduce the risk of recurrent cardiovascular events in both men and women, but it may not reduce the risk of stroke or all-cause mortality in women, according to a meta-analysis published in the June 25 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Environmental Risks ID'd for REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking, head injury, pesticide exposure, and farming are potential environmental and lifestyle risk factors for developing idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), according to research published online June 27 in Neurology.

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    Home-Based Intervention Linked to Lower BMI at Age 2

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- A home-based intervention comprising eight visits from trained nurses to new mothers in the pre- and postnatal period is associated with lower body mass index (BMI) in children at age 2, according to a study published online June 26 in BMJ.

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    Long-Term Adverse Cardiac Outcomes for Low-Carb Diets

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Women who follow low carbohydrate-high protein diets have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online June 26 in BMJ.

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    Prenatal Exposure to Butylbenzyl Phthalate Linked to Eczema

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP), as assessed by increased concentrations of monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP) in the urine, is associated with an increased risk of early-onset eczema in offspring, according to a study published online June 26 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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    Oxytocin Levels Linked to Behavior in Williams Syndrome

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with Williams Syndrome, which is characterized by a deletion of nearly 30 genes and altered social behaviors, levels of the neuropeptide oxytocin are associated with the altered behaviors, according to a study published online June 12 in PLoS One.

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    Hospice Visit Number Affects Ability to Die at Home

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Hospice patients with cancer are more likely to be able to die in the setting of their choice if they receive at least one hospice visit per day during the first four days of hospice care, according to research published online June 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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    Bacterial Vaginosis Linked to Increased HIV-1 Transmission

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Bacterial vaginosis is associated with a three-fold higher risk of HIV-1 transmission from infected women to their uninfected male partners, according to a study published online June 26 in PLoS Medicine.

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    iPad May Alter Programmable Shunt Valve Settings

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to a tablet device may result in a change to programmable shunt valve settings when the tablet is very close to the valve, according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

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    Specific Solvents May Increase Risk of Parkinson's Disease

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to specific solvents is associated with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease, according to a study published in the June issue of the Annals of Neurology.

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    Nomogram Developed to Estimate Early Breast Cancer Survival

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- A nomogram has been developed to predict five- and 10-year mastectomy-free survival (MFS) in older women with early breast cancer and estimate the predicted benefit of radiation therapy (RT) following conservative surgery (CS), according to research published online June 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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    Duplicate Payments by Federal Government Increasing

    WEDNESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- The federal government spends a substantial and increasing amount on individuals who are dually enrolled in separate managed care programs (the Veterans Affairs health care system [VA] and Medicare Advantage plan [MA]), according to a study published online June 26 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the Annual Research Meeting of AcademyHealth, held from June 24 to 26 in Orlando, Fla.

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    Low-Fat Diet Cuts Energy Output, Signals Weight Regain

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- For obese and overweight young adults who have lost weight, a low-fat diet results in the greatest decreases in resting and total energy expenditure, which is an unfavorable effect that makes weight regain more likely; and for overweight and obese adults, a stepped-care weight-loss intervention (STEP) is linked to similar weight loss as a standard behavioral weight-loss intervention (SBWI), at a reduced cost per patient, according to two studies published in the June 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    J-Shaped Association for Coffee Consumption, Heart Failure

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Habitual consumption of moderate quantities of coffee, up to four cups per day, correlates with a moderately decreased risk of heart failure, but higher consumption potentially increases the risk, according to a review published online June 26 in Circulation: Heart Failure.

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    Patient-Centered Medical Home Rating Tied to Operating Costs

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Federally funded community health centers with higher scores on a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) rating have higher operating costs, according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with presentation at the Annual Research Meeting of AcademyHealth, held from June 24 to 26 in Orlando, Fla.

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    Use of Electronic Records Tied to Fewer Malpractice Claims

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Use of electronic health records (EHRs) is associated with fewer medical malpractice claims among physicians from multiple surgical and medical specialties, according to a research letter published online June 25 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Olmesartan May Be Linked to Spruelike Enteropathy

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Patients treated with olmesartan may develop a severe form of spruelike enteropathy, which improves after suspension of the drug, according to research published online June 25 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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    Sleep Benefit Seen in Almost Half of Patients With Parkinson's

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Close to half of patients with Parkinson's disease may experience improved motor functioning upon awakening (sleep benefit), according to a study published online May 24 in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease.

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    New Global Estimate Ups Number of H1N1-Linked Deaths

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated number of global respiratory and cardiovascular deaths associated with the 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 is higher than the number of laboratory-confirmed deaths, according to a modeling study published online June 26 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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    Older Mothers More Prone to Psychological Distress

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- First-time mothers in their early 30s and beyond are more likely to experience psychological distress during pregnancy and after birth than younger women, but only if they have a history of depression, according to a study published online June 18 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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    Copy Number Variations May Be Linked to Alcohol Dependence

    TUESDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Copy number variations (CNVs) on two chromosomes may be associated with alcohol dependence, according to research published online June 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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    Task Force Recommends Screening All Adults for Obesity

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians should screen all adults for obesity; and, there is a small health benefit for initiating behavioral counseling interventions in a primary care setting for adults without cardiovascular disease (CVD) or its risk factors, according to two recommendation statements published online June 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Ozone Exposure Causes Negative Cardiovascular Changes

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Ozone exposure in healthy young adults causes an increase in vascular markers of inflammation, changes in fibrinolytic markers that could potentially impair fibrinolysis, and changes in autonomic control of heart rate, according to a study published online June 25 in Circulation.

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    Obese Asthma Patients Have Reduced Treatment Response

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with lean patients, obese patients with asthma have higher neutrophil counts and a reduced response to corticosteroid treatment, according to a study published online June 12 in Allergy.

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    Unhealthy Food Predominates Youth Sports, Parents Report

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Parents report dissatisfaction with the lack of healthy food and beverage choices available at youth sports settings, according to a study published online April 16 in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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    Recreational Physical Activity Reduces Breast Cancer Risk

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- During the reproductive and postmenopausal years, recreational physical activity (RPA) at any intensity level is associated with reduced breast cancer risk, according to a study published online June 25 in Cancer.

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    Absolute Incretin Effect Reduced in Type 2 Diabetes

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) the absolute incretin effect is reduced compared with healthy individuals, but its relative importance is increased, particularly in first-phase insulin secretion, according to a study published online June 20 in Diabetes.

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    Early Vaccinations Not Linked to Celiac Disease in Sweden

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Early vaccinations do not seem to influence the risk of celiac disease (CD) among infants, nor do changes in the vaccination program explain the CD epidemic, according to a Swedish study published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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    Accidental Exposure Causes Most Reactions in Allergic Infants

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- For infants with documented or likely allergies to milk or eggs, most allergic reactions result from accidental exposures, according to a study published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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    Early Start to ADHD Meds Lowers Risk of Academic Decline

    MONDAY, June 25 (HealthDay News) -- Earlier initiation of stimulant treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with a lower risk of decline in academic performance, according to a study published online June 25 in Pediatrics.

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    Antimicrobials Tied to Allergic Sensitization in Children

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Antimicrobial endocrine-disrupting compounds commonly found in toothpaste and cosmetics are associated with a higher risk of allergic sensitization in children, according to a study published online June 18 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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    Cannabis Use for Fibromyalgia Linked to Poor Mental Health

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- More than 10 percent of patients with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia report using marijuana to relieve pain, and those who do so are more likely to be in poorer mental health, seek drugs, and be unemployed, according to a study published online June 21 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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    No Therapy for ~20 Percent With Stage IV Solid Tumors

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- About 20 percent of patients diagnosed with stage IV metastatic solid tumors do not receive anticancer treatment, according to a study published online June 15 in Cancer.

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    Low Bone Mass for Young Men on Antiretrovirals for HIV

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Young men recently diagnosed with HIV infection, treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART), have lower bone mass, according to a study published online May 9 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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    Telehealth Intervention Linked to Lower Admission Rates

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- A telehealth intervention is associated with improved emergency admission rates and lower mortality compared with usual care, according to a study published online June 21 in BMJ.

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    Reduced Efficacy for CRC Screenings Done by Non-GI Docs

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Having interval colorectal cancer (CRC) colonoscopy screenings performed by nongastroenterologists compared with gastroenterologists (GIs) results in a noticeable reduction in the long-term CRC prevention rate, according to research published online June 15 in Cancer.

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    Increased Sick Leave Rates for Long-Term Cancer Survivors

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Five years after a cancer diagnosis, employed cancer survivors have a higher sick leave rate compared with prior to their diagnosis, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

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    Risk Factors ID'd for SCA in Heart Defect Repair Survivors

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- In adult survivors of surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD), severe subaortic ventricular systolic dysfunction is a significant and independent predictor of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), according to research published in the July 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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    Incomplete Recovery of Lumbar Discs Two Years After Bed Rest

    FRIDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Recovery of the lumbar intervertebral discs following a 60-day period of bed rest is a lengthy process, with recovery incomplete at two years, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of Spine.

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    Parents Overestimate Deformity-Related Stress in Scoliosis

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with idiopathic adolescent scoliosis and their parents perceive the emotional stress connected to brace treatment in the same way, but parents overestimate the stress related to body deformity, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of Spine.

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    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Ups Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a prospective long-term study published online June 14 in Diabetes.

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    Living Alone Linked to Higher Mortality in Older Adults

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who live alone have a higher risk of death; and elderly adults who report loneliness experience increased functional decline and an increased risk of death, according to two studies published online June 18 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Sleep Apnea Linked to Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is independently associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, even after adjustment for potential confounders, according to a study published online June 21 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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    Eating Disorder Symptoms Evident in Women Over 50

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- For women aged 50 years and older there is wide endorsement of weight and shape concerns and of eating disorder symptoms, dieting, and body checking behaviors, according to a study published online June 21 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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    Early Loss of Glucagon Response to Hypoglycemia Found in Teens

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- In adolescents with type 1 diabetes the glucagon response to hypoglycemia is lost as early as one month and at a median of eight months after diabetes diagnosis, according to a study published online June 14 in Diabetes Care.

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    Genetic Contribution Detected in Responses to Opioids

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The responses to opioid drugs, such as nausea, respiratory depression, and drug liking or disliking, have a significant inherited component, according to a study published in the July issue of Anesthesiology.

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    Prevalence of ACS-Induced PTSD Is About 12 Percent

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), such as myocardial infarction or unstable angina, the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is approximately 12 percent, and the presence of ACS-induced PTSD is associated with a doubling of the risk of subsequent ACS events and death, according to a study published online June 20 in PLoS One.

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    Half of Residents Report Working While Sick

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- About half of residents have worked while sick, with many reporting feeling obligated to colleagues and patients, according to a research letter published online June 18 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Deep Brain Stimulation Aids Motor Function in Parkinson's

    THURSDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The globus pallidus interna (GPi) and subthalamic nucleus (STN) are both viable deep brain stimulation (DBS) targets for the treatment of motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease, providing stable improvements over 36 months, according to a study published online June 20 in Neurology.

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    Multi-Drug Regimens Cut HIV Transmission Versus Zidovudine

    WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- For infants of mothers with HIV who did not receive antenatal antiretroviral therapy (ART), treatment with two or three drugs reduces transmission compared with zidovudine alone; and more infants treated with nevirapine together with zidovudine and lamivudine have virologic failure by six months, according to two studies published in the June 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Diabetes Linked to Increased Cause-Specific Mortality

    WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes is linked with a significantly increased risk of death from many diseases, including specific cancers, in both men and women, according to a study published online June 14 in Diabetes Care.

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    Accuracy of Melanoma Detection Up in Specialized Clinics

    WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- From 1998 to 2007, the accuracy of melanoma detection improved in specialized but not non-specialized clinical settings, according to research published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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    Prophylactic Midurethral Sling Reduces Urinary Incontinence

    WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- For women without preoperative stress incontinence, placement of a midurethral sling at the time of vaginal prolapse surgery correlates with reduced rates of urinary incontinence at three and 12 months as well as increased rates of adverse events, according to a study published in the June 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Teen Pregnancies Down; Rates Up for Older Women in 2008

    WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of teen pregnancies reached a historic low in 2008, while pregnancy rates for women in their 30s and early 40s increased, according to a June 20 report issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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    Periodontitis Linked to HPV-Positive Head, Neck Tumors

    WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) there is an increased risk of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive tumors among those with a history of periodontitis, according to a study published online June 18 in the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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    Smoking Increases Risk of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking increases the risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma but is not associated with an increased risk of basal cell carcinoma or nonmelanoma skin cancer, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online June 18 in the Archives of Dermatology.

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    Emerging Lipoprotein Markers Slightly Up CVD Risk Detection

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of certain apolipoproteins and lipoproteins to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores containing total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) slightly improves CVD risk prediction, according to a study published in the June 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    More Untreated Kidney Failure Seen in Older Adults

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of untreated kidney failure is considerably higher in older adults than in younger adults, according to a study published in the June 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    2011 Estimates of 15 Selected Health Measures Issued

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- The estimates of selected health measures for 2011, based on National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data, have been released June 19 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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    Psoriasis Independently Linked to Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- Psoriasis is an independent risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and this risk increases with increasing severity of psoriasis, according to a study published online June 18 in the Archives of Dermatology.

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    Danger Ubiquity Rationalization Endorsed by Tanning Bed Users

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- Despite medical evidence of the potential hazards of tanning beds, current tanning bed users strongly endorse danger ubiquity rationalizations, according to a research letter published in the June issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

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    Research Suggests Flavocoxid Causes Acute Liver Injury

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- Flavocoxid, a proprietary prescription medical food used to treat osteoarthritis, appears to cause acute liver injury within months of initiating use, according to research published in the June 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Hemoglobin A1C Inadequate for Postpartum Diabetes Screening

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- For postpartum women who have had gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), the hemoglobin A1c (A1C) test criteria alone or in combination with fasting glucose test criteria does not provide sensitive and specific diagnosis of abnormal carbohydrate metabolism compared with the gold-standard oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), according to a study published online June 11 in Diabetes Care.

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    Belimumab Deemed Safe for Long-Term Lupus Treatment

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), long-term belimumab therapy combined with standard therapy is well tolerated, according to a study published online June 5 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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    High Future Coronary Event Risk in Chronic Kidney Disease

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have higher rates of myocardial infarction (MI) than those with diabetes, according to a study published online June 19 in The Lancet.

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    Fatigue Linked to COPD Severity, Risk of Hospitalization

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), fatigue is significantly associated with disease severity, and predicts the risk of hospitalization, according to a study published online June 14 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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    Graphic Warning Labels in Cigarette Ads Most Effective

    TUESDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- For smokers, graphic warning labels in advertisements improve recall of warning and health risks, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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    High-Salt Diet Ups Markers of Endothelial Dysfunction

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- A high-sodium diet is associated with markers of endothelial dysfunction (serum uric acid [SUA] and urine albumin excretion [UAE]), and increased sodium intake in those with high levels of biomarkers correlates with an increased risk of hypertension, according to a study published online June 18 in Circulation.

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    Pediatric Hospitalizations for HTN Up From 1997 to 2006

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- The number of children with hypertension-related hospitalizations in the United States increased significantly from 1997 to 2006, with the fraction of inpatient charges attributed to hypertension also significantly increased, according to a study published online June 18 in Hypertension.

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    More Parents Not Adhering to Vaccine Schedule

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- The number of children consistently delaying vaccinations in Portland increased more than three-fold from 2006 to 2009, according to a study published online June 18 in Pediatrics.

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    Psychological Distress Increases Cerebrovascular Death Risk

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- Psychological distress, as assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), is associated with an increased risk of death due to cerebrovascular disease and ischemic heart disease, according to a study published online June 18 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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    Poor Outcomes for Hospitalized Patients With Alzheimer's

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalization of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with increased risks of death and institutionalization, with the risk further increased for hospitalized patients with delirium, according to a study published in the June 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Sleep Apnea Severity Linked to Glycated Hemoglobin Levels

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- For adults without diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity is independently associated with impaired glucose metabolism, as measured by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, according to a study published online June 11 in Diabetes Care.

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    Genetic Variants Predict Outcomes After t-PA Treatment

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- Two genetic variants have been identified that are associated with hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and mortality rates after infusion of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) in patients with acute ischemic stroke, according to research published online June 9 in the Annals of Neurology.

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    Coexistent Lumbar Disorders Complicate Hip Arthroplasty

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- Patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) who have coexistent lumbar spine disorders (LSDs) do not report as much improvement in pain and function after arthroplasty compared with patients without lumbar disorders, according to a study published in the May issue of The Spine Journal.

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    A Shift in Pediatric Drug Utilization Seen 2002 to 2010

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- From 2002 to 2010 there was a 7 percent decrease in outpatient pediatric prescription medication utilization, due in part to a decrease in antibiotics and allergy medication prescriptions, according to a study published online June 18 in Pediatrics.

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    Sports-Related Kidney Injuries Rare in High School Athletes

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- Sports-related kidney injuries occur significantly less frequently than other injuries in high school athletes, according to a study published online June 18 in Pediatrics.

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    Patterns of Unprofessional Behavior by Hospitalists ID'd

    MONDAY, June 18 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalist participation in unprofessional behavior is generally low, and is associated with job characteristics, age, and site, according to a systematic review published online May 16 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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    Review: Vitamin D Plus Calcium Linked to Mortality Reduction

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Analyses of data from individual patients and trials indicate that vitamin D supplementation in combination with calcium is linked to a reduction in mortality for elderly adults, but this effect is not seen for vitamin D alone, according to research published online May 17 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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    Menhibrix Approved to Prevent Bacterial Infections in Infants

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- The combination vaccine Menhibrix has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to prevent two deadly bacterial infections among infants and toddlers -- Neisseria meningitides serogroups C and Y and Haemophilus influenzae type b.

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    Increase in Visceral Fat Noted After Liposuction

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Abdominal liposuction reduces subcutaneous abdominal fat but seems to trigger an increase in visceral fat, which can be averted by physical activity, according to a study published online April 26 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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    Factors ID'd in Healing Failure of Diabetic Foot Ulcers

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes whose foot ulcers fail to heal have increased inflammation and aberrant growth factor levels, according to a study published online June 11 in Diabetes.

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    New Tool Identifies Teens With Impaired Fasting Glucose

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- More effective than body mass index (BMI) alone, the Tool for Assessing Glucose Impairment (TAG-IT) for adolescents (TAG-IT-A) is a simple screening tool that identifies adolescents who may have impaired fasting glucose, according to a study published in the June issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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    Child Food Allergy Prevalence Linked to Urban/Rural Status

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of childhood food allergy is associated with urban/rural status, even after adjusting for confounding variables, according to a study published online May 17 in Clinical Pediatrics.

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    Simple, Noninvasive Eye Test May Identify Risk for Stroke

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- An eye test measuring ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) can be performed by ophthalmologists to detect severe carotid artery stenosis (CAS), a known risk factor for stroke, according to a study published in the June issue of Ophthalmology.

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    Weight Loss Linked to Reduced Cancer Incidence, Mortality

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss, particularly intentional weight loss, is associated with a reduced incidence of cancer and mortality, especially for women and for obesity-related cancers, according to a review published online June 4 in Obesity Reviews.

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    Psoriasis Tied to 14 Other Autoimmune Diseases

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with psoriasis have significantly higher odds for having at least one of 14 other autoimmune diseases, according to a study published online June 4 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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    Testosterone Therapy Does Not Up Prostate Cancer Incidence

    FRIDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) appears to be safe and does not increase the incidence of prostate cancer, according to a study published online June 6 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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    Number of Cancer Survivors May Reach ~18 Million by 2022

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Based on current trends and treatment patterns, the estimated number of cancer survivors in the United States is likely to increase to nearly 18 million by Jan. 1, 2022, according to a report published online June 14 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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    Brain Volume Linked to Walking Outcomes in Diabetes

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Gray matter volume is associated with walking outcomes, including speed, stride duration variability, and double support time, in individuals with diabetes, with a stronger correlation seen for those with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), according to a study published online June 4 in Diabetes Care.

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    CDC: Preventive Health Services Underused Before 2010

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Prior to 2010, only about half of all U.S. adults received key preventive health services, according to a report published in the June 15 supplement of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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    Mental Health Disorders Up Long-Term Opioid Use in Youth

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- When presenting with a new episode of chronic pain, the presence of preexisting mental health disorders is associated with an increased risk of long-term opioid pain use, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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    Pre-Op Breast Pain in ~28 Percent of Breast Cancer Patients

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- More than a quarter of women about to undergo breast cancer surgery experience breast pain, with genetic polymorphisms in inflammatory cytokines correlating with pain, according to a study published in the May issue of The Journal of Pain.

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    Cognitive Benefit of Omega-3s in Older Adults Questioned

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplementation has no benefit on cognitive function in cognitively healthy older people, according to a review published online June 13 in The Cochrane Library.

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    Lifestyle Factors for Low-Motile Sperm Concentration Identified

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Common lifestyle factors associated with low-motile sperm concentration (MSC) include a history of testicular cancer, being in manual labor or not working, and black ethnicity, while men who wear loose underwear and have had a previous conception are less likely to have low MSC, according to a study published online June 12 in Human Reproduction.

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    Statins Exhibit Adverse Effect on Energy, Exertional Fatigue

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- For relatively healthy individuals, particularly women, statin use may be associated with reduced energy and exertional fatigue, according to a research letter published online June 11 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Socioeconomic Correlates of Plague ID'd in New Mexico

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Changing socioeconomic indicators seem to correlate with temporal changes in the distribution of Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis) cases in New Mexico, according to a study published in the July issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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    Female APOE ε4 Carriers Have Preclinical Signs of Alzheimer's

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Healthy elderly women carrying the apolipoprotein E type 4 allele (APOE ε4) show changes in the brain's memory network characteristic of Alzheimer's disease, which can be observed before any symptoms appear, according to a study published in the June 13 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience.

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    Trend Shows Early Menopause Linked to Cerebral Aneurysm

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Younger age of menopause is associated with a trend toward an increased likelihood of cerebral aneurysm, according to a study published online June 13 in the Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery.

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    Pregnancy Deemed Feasible After Liver Transplant

    THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- For liver transplant (LT) recipients, pregnancy is feasible, but the rates of obstetric complications, including preeclampsia, cesarean section delivery, and preterm delivery, are higher than in the general population, according to a study published in the June issue of Liver Transplantation.

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    Study Participation Ups Adherence for Glaucoma Patients

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- For non-adherent patients with glaucoma, adherence measures are significantly improved for those assigned to an interactive, telephone-based communication intervention or usual care, according to a study published online June 11 in the Archives of Ophthalmology.

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    Fecal Incontinence Costs ~$4,000 Per Patient Annually

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Direct medical and nonmedical costs, plus indirect costs, including loss of productivity, for the treatment of fecal incontinence average $4,110 per patient annually, according to a study published in the May issue of Diseases of the Colon & Rectum.

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    Ethinyl Estradiol Dose, Progestin Type Affect the Pill's Stroke Risk

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of thrombotic stroke and myocardial infarction is increased for women who take oral contraceptives that include ethinyl estradiol, with the relative risk varying according to the dose of ethinyl estradiol and the progestin type, according to a study published in the June 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Curbing Antibiotic Prophylaxis Doesn't Up Endocarditis Risk

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of viridans group streptococci infective endocarditis (VGS-IE) has not increased since the publication of the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines restricting prophylactic antibiotics in dental patients, according to a study published online June 11 in Circulation.

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    In Vitro Fertilization Linked to Multiple Sclerosis Relapse

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Women with multiple sclerosis (MS) who undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF) are at greater risk of relapse after treatment, particularly if they receive gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists or if IVF fails, according to a study published online June 11 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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    Poor Oral Hygiene Found Predictive of Cancer Mortality

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Poor oral hygiene, as determined by an increased amount of dental plaque, is a significant and independent predictor of cancer-related death, according to a study published online June 11 in BMJ Open.

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    Telomeres Longer in Offspring of Older Fathers/Grandfathers

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Increased paternal and paternal grandfather age at birth is associated with longer telomeres in offspring, according to a study published online June 11 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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    Life-Long Rx Not Always Needed for Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a heterogeneous epilepsy syndrome and life-long antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment is not required in all patients to maintain seizure freedom, according to a study published online June 12 in Epilepsia.

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    Cannabinoid Formulation Benefits Opioid-Refractory Pain

    WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- A novel cannabinoid formulation, nabiximols, is safe and effective for patients with advanced cancer and opioid-refractory pain, especially at a low-dose, according to a study published in the May issue of The Journal of Pain.

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    Advanced Imaging, Radiation Exposure Up Over Last Decade

    TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2010 there was an increase in the use of advanced diagnostic imaging and associated radiation exposure within integrated health care systems, according to a study published in the June 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Task Force Questions Use of Vitamin D, Calcium Supplements

    TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Current evidence is insufficient to support the use of vitamin D and calcium supplements to protect against cancer or osteoporotic fractures, according to a draft recommendation issued by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

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    Gender Gap Exists in Physician Researchers' Salaries

    TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- A survey of mid-career academic physician researchers shows that gender differences in salary exist even after adjusting for differences in specialty, institutional characteristics, academic productivity, academic rank, and work hours, according to a study published in the June 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Viscosupplementation Deemed Ineffective for Treating Knee OA

    TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Viscosupplementation for osteoarthritis of the knee results in minimal reduction in pain scores while potentially increasing the risk for flare-ups and serious adverse events, according to research published online June 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Short-Term Meditation Improves Brain Function

    TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Meditating for only a few weeks leads to improved white matter changes in areas of the brain linked to self-regulation, according to a study published online June 11 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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    Genital Reconstruction Reduces Pain, Restores Pleasure

    TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Following female genital mutilation, reconstructive surgery is associated with improvements or no worsening in pain, and restoration of pleasure, for most women, according to a study published online June 12 in The Lancet.

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    Outdoor Physical Activity Ups Quality of Life for Teens

    TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Over a five-year period, adolescents in the highest tertile of physical activity have a higher health-related quality of life (QoL) compared with their less-active counterparts, while the converse is true for screen viewing time, according to a study published online June 11 in Pediatrics.

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    Breast Cancer Incidence Down With Metformin Use in Diabetes

    TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women with diabetes, use of metformin is associated with lower incidence of invasive breast cancer, according to a study published online June 11 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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    Thiazolidinedione Use Linked to Diabetic Macular Edema

    MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with a thiazolidinedione is associated with an increased one- and 10-year risk of diabetic macular edema (DME) in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online June 11 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Walking Speed May Be Early Marker of Cognitive Impairment

    MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- For elderly patients, walking speed and its variability may help distinguish individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from those with normal cognition, according to a study published in the June 12 issue of Neurology.

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    Susceptibility Loci Identified for Migraine Without Aura

    MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- Genome-wide association analysis has identified susceptibility loci for migraine without aura, two of which overlap with previously reported migraine loci, according to a study published online June 10 in Nature Genetics.

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    Cycled Lighting Improves Neonates' Behavior, Outcomes

    MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- Cycled lighting (CL) during neonatal care reduces an infant's fussing and crying behavior at 5 and 11 weeks' corrected age and correlates with a trend toward higher motor activity during daytime and improved weight gain, compared with dim lighting (DL) conditions, according to a study published online June 11 in Pediatrics.

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    In Preemies, Maternal Smoking Tied to Necrotizing Enterocolitis

    MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal smoking has been identified as a risk factor associated with the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants, according to a study published June 11 in Pediatrics.

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    Many PCPs Recommend Colorectal Cancer Screening in Elderly

    MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial portion of primary care physicians (PCPs) recommend screening elderly patients with advanced cancer for colorectal cancer (CRC), according to a study published online June 1 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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    ~8 Percent of Children Engage in Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

    MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) occurs in about 8 percent of children and adolescents and the prevalence is highest among ninth-grade girls, who tend to engage in cutting or carving of the skin, according to a study published online June 11 in Pediatrics.

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    Effects of In Utero Smoke Exposure Seen in Teens

    MONDAY, June 11 (HealthDay News) -- In utero smoke exposure is associated with poor asthma control and early-onset asthma in children assessed at 8 to 17 years of age, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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    Antidepressants Affect Emotional Temperament

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- The effects of antidepressants appear to be due, in part, to their effects on improving patient emotional temperament, according to the results of a literature review published in the June issue of CNS Neurosciences & Therapeutics.

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    Sequencing of Cell-Free DNA Accurately IDs Trisomy Risk

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- A noninvasive method involving chromosome-selective sequencing of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and assessment of individual risk detects trisomy 18 and 21 with high sensitivity, according to a study published online June 4 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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    Prediabetes Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Prediabetes may be associated with a higher risk of future stroke if defined as impaired glucose tolerance or a combination of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, according to a study published online June 7 in BMJ.

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    Three Percent of Hip, Knee Replacements Need Critical Care

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Three percent of patients who undergo knee and hip replacements require critical care services (CCS), and they are more likely to be older and have more comorbidities than those who do not require CCS, according to a study published online May 24 in Anesthesiology.

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    Approximately 11 Percent of Global Live Births Are Preterm

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- The global burden of preterm birth is considerable, representing 11.1 percent of all live births worldwide, according to a study published in the June 9 issue of The Lancet.

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    Waist Size Independently Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Risk

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Waist circumference (WC) is independently associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes, and the association is particularly strong for women, according to a study published online June 5 in PLoS Medicine.

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    Marker Helps Predict Thrombotic Risk of Hormonal Contraceptives

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- For women taking hormonal contraceptives, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a useful marker to estimate the risk of venous thrombosis, according to research published in the June issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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    Link Between Vascular Disease and Disc Height Loss Examined

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- The association between vascular disease, as measured by abdominal aortic calcifications (AACs), and disc height loss is independent of cardiovascular disease and is largely explained by patient age, gender, and body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the April issue of The Spine Journal.

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    Elimination Diet Can Treat Eosinophilic Esophagitis in Adults

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- A six-food elimination diet can successfully treat adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), according to a study published in the June issue of Gastroenterology.

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    Prevalence, Predictors of Interval Colorectal Cancer ID'd

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- A variety of procedural and biologic factors contribute to the development of interval colorectal cancers, seen in 7.2 percent of Medicare beneficiaries, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of Cancer.

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    Higher Risk of VTE in CKD Surgical Patients on Enoxaparin

    FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who undergo total hip replacement (THR), the rate of major venous thromboembolism (VTE) is significantly higher in those treated with enoxaparin compared to those treated with desirudin, according to a study published online June 4 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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    Venous Thromboembolism Up in Adult Hospitalizations

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Every year, more than half a million hospitalized U.S. adults acquire venous thromboembolism (VTE), a growing public health concern that is often preventable, according to research published in the June 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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    Treating Teen Depression May Reduce Subsequent Drug Abuse

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents can reduce the likelihood of subsequent substance use disorders (SUD), but does not reduce alcohol use disorders (AUD), according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

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    Intranasal Insulin Linked to Reduced Food Intake

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Intranasally administered insulin is associated with higher brain energy levels and reduced calorie intake, according to a study published online May 14 in Diabetes.

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    High-Fiber Diets Linked to Lower Visceral Fat in Teens

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents who consume more dietary fiber have lower visceral adiposity and lower levels of some inflammatory biomarkers, according to a study published online May 16 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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    Beta-Carotene Safe During Prostate Cancer Treatment

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- The use of the antioxidant beta-carotene during radiation therapy treatment for prostate cancer is not associated with an increase in prostate cancer deaths or metastases, according to research published in the May issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics.

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    MRSA Colonization Up in Contacts of Staph-Infected Children

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Household contacts of children with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) appear to have higher rates of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) colonization compared to the general population, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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    Early Rapid Growth Partly Mediates Genetic Obesity Risk

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Developmental phenotypes partially mediate the link between genetic predisposition and adult obesity, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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    Elevated Antibody Component Tied to Worse General Survival

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged and elderly individuals with elevated levels of immunoglobulin free light chains (FLCs), without plasma cell disorders, have a two-fold higher risk of death, according to a study published in the June issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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    NAFLD Independently Linked to Cardiovascular Disease

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is independently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but it is not associated with a statistically significantly increased risk of cardiovascular mortality, according to a study published in the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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    Early Physical Therapy Beneficial for Low Back Pain

    THURSDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Early physical therapy, within 14 days of diagnosis, for the treatment of newly diagnosed low back pain is associated with a reduced risk of subsequent health care utilization and associated costs, compared with delayed physical therapy, according to research published online May 18 in Spine.

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    Endurance Training May Induce Adverse Cardiac Remodeling

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Excessive endurance training may induce adverse cardiovascular remodeling in some individuals, according to a review published in the June issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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    Procedure Restores Pigmentation for Patients With Vitiligo

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- The melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation procedure (MKTP) is well tolerated and is effective for restoring skin pigmentation for some patients with vitiligo, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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    Low Risk of Herpes Zoster Recurrence in Elderly

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- For older immunocompetent adults, the risk of herpes zoster recurrence following a recent initial episode is fairly low in both vaccinated and unvaccinated cohorts, according to a study published online June 4 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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    Racial Difference in Effect of Physical Activity on Obesity

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Black adolescent girls are less sensitive to the effects of physical activity in preventing obesity than are white girls, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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    PCI Has Excellent Outcomes for Younger Adults With CAD

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- For younger adults with premature coronary artery disease (CAD), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with excellent short- and long-term outcomes, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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    Racial Gap in Life Expectancy Down From 2003 to 2008

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- From 2003 to 2008, the gap in life expectancy between non-Hispanic blacks and whites in the United States decreased by about one year for both men and women, according to a research letter published in the June 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Many Adults May Accidentally Overdose on Acetaminophen

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- About a quarter of adults may accidentally overdose on over-the-counter (OTC) acetaminophen-containing products, and almost half overdose by "double-dipping" with two acetaminophen-containing products, according to a study published online May 26 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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    Cigarette Tax, Price Increases Reduce Smoking in Pregnancy

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Tobacco control policies, including taxation and price increases, and smoke-free policies are associated with a reduction in maternal smoking during pregnancy, according to a study published online June 5 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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    Anti-HTN Drugs Have Distinct Effect on Central, Brachial SBP

    WEDNESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- A reduction in central to brachial amplification induced by some antihypertensive drugs may result in lesser reductions in central than brachial systolic blood pressure, according to research published online May 25 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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    Telephone Therapy Effective for Treating Depression

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Telephone-administered cognitive behavioral therapy (T-CBT) correlates with reduced attrition and similar post-treatment improvement in depression compared to face-to-face CBT, but at six months, those who undergo face-to-face CBT are significantly less depressed, according to a study published in the June 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Risk of Calcium Oxalate Stones Not Affected by Oxalate Intake

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Eating large amounts of oxalate does not significantly affect the risk of developing calcium oxalate stones if the recommended amount of dietary calcium is also eaten, according to a study published in the June issue of Urology.

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    Aspirin Ups Risk of Bleeding in All But Diabetes Patients

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Aspirin use is associated with an increased risk of major bleeding, while patients with diabetes have a high risk of bleeding, independent of aspirin use, according to a study published in the June 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Troponin T May Help Predict Death After Noncardiac Surgery

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Elevated peak troponin T (TnT) measurements in the first three days after noncardiac surgery are associated with an increased risk of 30-day mortality, according to a study published in the June 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    In A-Fib, Rhythm Control Reduces Mortality in Long Term

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly patients with atrial fibrillation have reduced mortality over the long term if they initiate rhythm control treatment rather than rate control treatment, according to a study published online June 4 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Pollution Exposure, Obesity Linked to Poor Asthma Control

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Higher exposure to traffic pollutants and obesity increase the likelihood of poor asthma control in older adults, according to a study published in the June issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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    Childhood Famine Increases Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Even a short period of moderate or severe undernutrition or famine during childhood or adolescence can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in adulthood, according to research published online May 29 in Diabetes.

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    Head Lice Beginning to Show Permethrin Resistance

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Although live head lice obtained from school-aged children in Paris remain susceptible to the insecticide malathion, approximately 14 percent have been found to be resistant to permethrin, suggesting a strong basis for future insecticide resistance, according to research published online May 24 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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    Management of Acetaminophen Overdose in Children Reviewed

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Due to the widespread use of acetaminophen, overdose is a concern, particularly for infants and children, who have developmental differences in their hepatic metabolism that affect hepatotoxicity, according to a review published online June 4 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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    Self-Management Has Small Effect on Low Back Pain

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to minimal interventions, self-management has a small effect on pain and disability in non-specific low back pain (LBP), according to a review published online May 23 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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    Many Patients Keep Using PPIs After Negative GERD Test

    TUESDAY, June 5 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of patients continue to use proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) even after pH studies confirm that they do not have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and most do not recall being instructed to stop taking PPIs, according to a study published in the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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    Basal Cell Carcinoma Response Affected by Past + Recent Stress

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC), parental emotional maltreatment combined with a severe life event in the past year correlates with poor immune response to the BCC tumor, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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    Statewide Coordinated STEMI Approach Deemed Successful

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- A statewide coordinated effort across hospitals and emergency medical service (EMS) providers to transport patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to hospitals providing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has resulted in improved outcomes, according to a study published online June 4 in Circulation.

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    Soy-Rich Diet Not Found to Improve Global Cognition

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term dietary supplementation with isoflavone-rich soy protein does not appear to improve the global cognition of healthy postmenopausal women, according to research published in the June 5 issue of Neurology.

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    More Fruit, Veggies, Exercise Ups Survival in Older Women

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Higher fruit and vegetable intake combined with exercise improves survival in older women, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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    Acute Purine Intake Can Up Risk of Gout Attacks Nearly Five-Fold

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with gout can be nearly five-fold more likely to have gout attacks if they eat purine-rich foods such as meat, seafood, mushrooms, and spinach, with animal sources posing a greater risk than plant sources, according to a study published online May 30 in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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    Morbid Obesity Ups Complication Rate in Spinal Fusion Surgery

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Morbid obesity increases the risk of multiple complications in spinal fusion surgery, particularly in patients undergoing anterior cervical or posterior lumbar procedures, according to research published in the May 15 issue of Spine.

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    Most Mothers Don't Reach Desired Breastfeeding Duration

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Most mothers who want to exclusively breastfeed intend to do so for at least three months, but two-thirds of those who intend to breastfeed exclusively are not meeting their intended duration goals, according to a study published online June 4 in Pediatrics.

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    Low-Birth-Weight Teens Report Health Similar to Peers

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents born with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) in the 1990s assess their current health and well-being similarly to teens born at normal birth weight but report less risk taking, according to a study published online June 4 in Pediatrics.

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    Not Enough Pediatricians Providing Lifestyle Counseling

    MONDAY, June 4 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of adolescents are advised by their pediatric health care provider to eat healthily and exercise more, but rates of counseling are higher among obese teens, according to a study published online June 4 in Pediatrics.

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    Ischemic Stroke Risk Higher in Women With A-Fib

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Women with atrial fibrillation have a moderately higher risk of ischemic stroke than men, even after accounting for multiple cofactors for stroke, according to a study published online May 31 in BMJ.

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    Gene Variants Impact Smokers' Response to Cessation Therapy

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Smokers with certain high-risk genetic variants find it more difficult to quit smoking but are more likely to respond to cessation pharmacotherapy, according to a study published online May 30 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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    Disability in Juvenile Arthritis Affects Adult Employment

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Disability resulting from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) can affect educational attainment and ultimately impact employment in adulthood, according to a study published online May 31 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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    Rats Regain Ability to Walk After Spinal Cord Injury

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Rats with spinal cord injury are able to regain locomotion after electrochemical treatment and encouragement of supraspinally mediated movements, in a cortical-dependent manner, according to a study published in the June 1 issue of Science.

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    Depression Found to Increase Risk of Death in Diabetes

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, depression is associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality, regardless of previous cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online May 22 in Diabetes Care.

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    Skin Testing Not Sufficient to ID Contrast Media Sensitivity

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- More than 50 percent of patients with nonimmediate reactions to iodinated contrast media (CM) are identified with the drug provocation test (DPT) and not with skin testing, according to a study published online May 15 in Allergy.

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    Heart Rate Affected by Nocturnal Hypoglycemia in T1DM Patients

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with type 1 diabetes there is a marked decrease in the low-frequency component of heart rate variability during spontaneous nocturnal hypoglycemia, according to a study published online May 18 in Diabetes Care.

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    Peer Coaches, Staff Support Beneficial in Uncontrolled HTN

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- For African-American patients with uncontrolled hypertension, an intervention consisting of peer- and practice-based support is associated with reduced systolic blood pressure (SBP) and a nonsignificant trend toward reduced coronary heart disease (CHD) risk at four years, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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    Pioglitazone Use Ups Bladder Cancer Risk in Type 2 Diabetes

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, use of the oral hypoglycemic agent pioglitazone correlates with an increased risk of bladder cancer, with the risk increasing with duration of use, according to a study published online May 31 in BMJ.

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    Dark Chocolate May Prevent Cardio Events in High-Risk

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with metabolic syndrome at high risk for cardiovascular events, daily consumption of dark chocolate offers a long-term, cost-effective way of reducing the number of cardiovascular events, according to a study published online May 31 in BMJ.

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    PTSD Linked to Urinary Incontinence in Female Veterans

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is independently associated with urgency/mixed urinary incontinence (UI) symptoms in female veterans, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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    Global Cancer Incidence Set to Top 20 Million Per Year by 2030

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Assuming current trends continue, the global incidence of all-cancer cases is set to increase to more than 20 million per year by 2030, according to a study published online June 1 in The Lancet Oncology.

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    Low-Carb Diets Not Harmful to Kidneys of Healthy Obese Patients

    FRIDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Low-carbohydrate diets are safe for otherwise healthy obese individuals and there is no evidence that these diets cause kidney damage, according to a study published online May 31 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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