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  • Wednesday, August 01, 2012
    Monthly Briefing
    July 2012 Briefing - Internal Medicine



    Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for July 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

    Cataract Surgery Tied to Lower Hip Fracture Risk in Elderly

    TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly patients with cataract who receive cataract surgery have a reduced likelihood of subsequent hip fracture, compared with those who do not undergo surgery, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Pre-Op Statin Use Ups Insulin Resistance in Heart Surgery

    TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Patients without diabetes who are taking statins prior to cardiac surgery experience increased insulin resistance compared with those not taking statins, according to a study published online July 24 in Diabetes Care.

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    Fifth Link Ups Neuro Outcome in Non-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

    TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Following implementation of the fifth link (multidisciplinary postresuscitation care in a regional center) to the previous four links in the chain of survival concept improves neurological outcomes for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, according to a study published in the July 31 issue of Circulation.

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    Task Force Still Recommends Against Routine ECG Screening

    TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- In an update of the 2004 recommendations, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) continues to recommend against routine use of electrocardiogram (ECG) screening of asymptomatic adults for coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a scientific statement published online July 31 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Cases of Delayed Anaphylaxis to Red Meat Described

    TUESDAY, July 31 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals who have been bitten by the lone star tick may develop immunoglobulin E (IgE) to the carbohydrate galactose-α-1,3-galactose (alpha-gal), which puts them at risk for delayed anaphylaxis after consumption of meat containing alpha-gal on glycoproteins or glycolipids, according to a study published online July 20 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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    Early Mediterranean Diet Benefits Arteries in Adulthood

    MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in early life is associated with lower arterial stiffness in adulthood, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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    Cadmium Linked to Plaque Development in Older Women

    MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Cadmium levels in blood and urine are independently associated with the development of atherosclerotic plaques in older women, according to a study published online July 20 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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    Prior Basal Cell Carcinoma Is Main Predictor of Future BCC

    MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Prior basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the greatest predictor of future incidence of BCC, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

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    Quality of Life More Affected in Female Stroke, TIA Patients

    MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Female stroke patients self-report being more negatively affected in their quality of life than do male stroke patients, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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    CDC: Disparities Identified at All Stages of HIV Care

    MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Improvements are needed to reduce disparities at each stage of HIV care, according to a report released July 17 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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    Women With Diabetes Report Low Sexual Satisfaction

    MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Women with diabetes are more likely than those without diabetes to report low overall sexual satisfaction, with insulin-treated women at higher risk for problems such as lubrication and orgasm, according to a study published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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    PSA Test Has Cut Metastatic Prostate Cancer at Presentation

    MONDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- If incidence rates for the pre-prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing era (1983 to 1985) were present in the modern U.S. population, three times the number of men would have been expected to present with metastatic (M1) prostate cancer (PC) than the actual number observed in 2008, according to a study published online July 30 in Cancer.

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    Poor Sleep Increases Odds of Nursing Home Placement

    FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Older women with fragmented or disturbed sleep have a significantly increased risk of placement in a nursing home or assisted living facility five years later, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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    Good Long-Term Limb Salvage for Diabetic Foot Patients

    FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), long-term limb salvage is favorable; however, long-term survival remains poor, particularly for those with peripheral artery disease (PAD) or chronic renal insufficiency, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetes Care.

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    Study Assesses Impact of Lesion Severity on Coronary Event Risk

    FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Contrary to previous evidence, angiographic lesion severity may predict subsequent risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) within three months, according to a study published in the July 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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    MRSA Skin Infections Up, Linked to Furunculosis

    FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) in the United States is increasing and is associated with follicular infection, most commonly folliculitis followed by furunculosis, according to a review published online July 16 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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    Increased Risk of Vascular Events for Shift Workers

    FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Shift work correlates with an increased risk of vascular events, according to a review published online July 26 in BMJ.

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    Low-Dose Duloxetine Deemed Safe for Urinary Incontinence

    FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Duloxetine appears safe for the routine clinical care of women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), according to a study published online July 23 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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    Oral Contraceptives Typically Have Little Impact on Libido

    FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- For most women, oral contraceptives do not affect libido, but health care providers should be aware that some women may experience negative effects on sexual function, according to a study published online July 12 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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    Rituximab Useful in Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy

    FRIDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) and persistent nephrotic syndrome, rituximab treatment is associated with good rates of partial or complete remission with stabilized or improved renal function, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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    Clopidogrel Response Remains Stable After Acute MI

    THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the rate of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) despite clopidogrel therapy remains relatively stable for six months, according to a study published online in the August issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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    Yoga-Based Rehabilitation Improves Balance After Stroke

    THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic stroke, a yoga-based rehabilitation is associated with improvements in post-stroke variables, including balance and fear of falling, according to a study published online July 26 in Stroke.

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    Brain Glucose in Steady-State During Hypoglycemia

    THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- The plasma-to-brain glucose relationship and the calculations demonstrating glucose transport over the blood-brain barrier do not differ between healthy subjects and patients with uncomplicated, reasonably well-controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), according to a study published in the August issue of Diabetes.

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    Celiac Disease Linked to Lymphoproliferative Disorders

    THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with celiac disease, particularly those presenting with malabsorption symptoms later in life, have a higher incidence of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs), according to research published in the August issue of the American Journal of Hematology.

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    Female Athletes Have Shorter Season Time to Injury

    THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Female varsity athletes have a significantly shorter time to injury than males, regardless of sport or preseason fitness, according to a study published online July 23 in the Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology.

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    Selenium, Vitamins C, E May Lower Pancreatic Cancer Risk

    THURSDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Higher intakes of the antioxidants selenium and vitamins C and E reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer by two-thirds, according to a study published online July 23 in Gut.

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    Expanding Medicaid Coverage Cuts Mortality, Improves Health

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Expansion of Medicaid eligibility is associated with reduced mortality and improvements in various health-related measures, according to a study published online July 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Wives of Patients With Severe Sepsis at Risk for Depression

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Older women whose husbands are hospitalized for severe sepsis may be at a higher risk of depression, even when their spouse survives, according to research published in the August issue of Critical Care Medicine.

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    Coronary CT Angiography in ER Ups Decision-Making Efficiency

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Incorporating coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) into evaluation of patients presenting to the emergency department with acute coronary syndrome symptoms improves the efficacy of clinical decision making, according to a study published in the July 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Immunosuppressant Switch Cuts Skin Cancer Post-Transplant

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- In kidney-transplant patients with at least one cutaneous squamous-cell carcinoma, switching immunosuppressants (from calcineurin inhibitors to sirolimus) is associated with increased skin cancer-free survival and delayed development of new skin cancers, according to a study published in the July 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Review Assesses Melanoma Burden From Use of Sunbeds

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Sunbed use correlates with a significantly increased risk of melanoma, with a dose-response association noted as well as an increased risk for those who first use sunbeds before age 35, according to a review published online July 24 in BMJ.

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    Syphilis Cuts CD4 Counts, Ups Viral Load in HIV-Infected Men

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Syphilis is associated with a transient decrease in the CD4 cell count and with an increase in viral load (VL) in HIV-infected men, according to a study published online July 23 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Neurosurgeon Availability Affects Motor Vehicle Deaths

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, counties with a higher population density of neurosurgeons report significantly fewer deaths due to motor vehicle accidents (MVAs), according to research published online July 24 in the Journal of Neurosurgery.

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    Vitamin E Intake Inversely Linked to Liver Cancer Risk

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence suggests that vitamin E in the diet or from supplements may reduce the risk of developing liver cancer in men and women, according to research published online July 17 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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    Increased Risk of Heart Attack After Hip, Knee Replacement

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- There is a significantly elevated risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the six weeks following total hip replacement (THR) and the two weeks following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery, according to a study published online July 23 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Younger Cancer Patients' Psychosocial Needs Unmet

    WEDNESDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Substantial proportions of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients are not getting their psychosocial needs met, particularly in adult care settings, according to a study published in a supplement to the May 15 issue of Cancer.

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    Two-Thirds of Medicaid Patients Adherent to Chronic Meds

    TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Based on a Medicaid claims model, among New York City (NYC) Medicaid participants, adherence to chronic medications is inadequate, with considerable racial disparities noted, according to a study published online June 22 in the Journal of Urban Health.

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    About One in Six With HIV in U.S. Was Born Outside the U.S.

    TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- A total of 16.2 percent of individuals who received a diagnosis of HIV in the 46 U.S. states and five U.S. territories in 2007 to 2010 were born outside the United States, according to a study published online July 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS, to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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    Role of Annual Well-Woman Assessment Reviewed

    TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- For women, an annual assessment is an important part of medical care and should include screening, evaluation, and counseling, according to a Committee Opinion published online July 23 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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    Effects of Heavy Alcohol Exposure During Pregnancy Evaluated

    TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- Binge drinking and total alcohol intake during pregnancy correlate with child abnormalities linked to alcohol exposure, according to a study published online July 23 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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    Many With Private Insurance Dissatisfied With Coverage

    TUESDAY, July 24 (HealthDay News) -- A comparison of patient experiences with Medicare and employer-sponsored insurance suggests that there are more negative experiences and less satisfaction among individuals with private plans, according to a study published online July 18 in Health Affairs.

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    Study Supports Longer Scope Intervals Post-Polypectomy

    MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals who have had at least one adenoma removed at colonoscopy, the risk of developing colorectal cancer is greatly reduced up to five years later, according to a study published online June 23 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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    For Smokers, Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Lung Decline

    MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For current male smokers, vitamin D deficiency correlates with lower lung function and more rapid lung function decline, according to a study published online July 19 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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    Experts Advise Antiretrovirals for All HIV-Infected Patients

    MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Based on recent data, current recommendations suggest that all patients infected with HIV should be treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART), according to research published in the July 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on HIV/AIDS, to coincide with the International AIDS Conference, held from July 22 to 27 in Washington, D.C.

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    Accurate Videos of Epley Maneuver Available on YouTube

    MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Video-sharing Web sites such as YouTube accurately demonstrate the Epley Maneuver (EM), a simple treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior canal, according to a study published in the July 24 issue of Neurology.

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    Hair Loss Drug Shows Long-Term Sexual Side Effects

    MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- For men with finasteride-associated side effects, sexual dysfunction may persist for months or years, even after discontinuation of the drug, according to a study published online July 12 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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    Many Adults With Diabetes Have No Insurance Coverage

    MONDAY, July 23 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately two million adults under the age of 65 years with diabetes have no health insurance, according to research published online July 11 in Diabetes Care.

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    Health Benefits of More Stringent Ozone Standard Estimated

    FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Achieving more stringent primary ozone standards could lead to considerable reductions in ozone-related premature deaths, acute respiratory symptoms, and lost school days, according to a study published online July 18 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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    Heart Medication Converts Cancer Cells Into Vaccine

    FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- A class of heart medications, cardiac glycosides, can induce immunogenic cell death (ICD), whereby dying cancer cells are converted into a vaccine that stimulates antitumor response, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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    HIV Racial Disparities Noted for Men Who Have Sex With Men

    FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Similar racial disparities are seen in HIV infection for men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States and the United Kingdom, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet.

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    High-Strain, Active Jobs Up Cardio Disease Risk for Women

    FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- For women, high-strain and active jobs correlate with an increased long-term risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online July 18 in PLoS One.

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    Effect of Phosphate Binders in Chronic Kidney Disease Unclear

    FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Although phosphate binders lower serum and urinary phosphorus and reduce progression of secondary hyperthyroidism, they also promote progression of vascular calcification, and consequently their safety and efficacy for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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    Vitamin B12 Improves Viral Response in Chronic Hepatitis C

    FRIDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin B12 supplementation significantly improves the rate of sustained viral response (SVR) to pegylated interferon-α and ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection naive to antiviral therapy, according to a study published online July 17 in Gut.

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    Pertussis Reaches Epidemic Level in Washington State

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Pertussis rates may reach record levels this year in the United States, where Washington state is experiencing an ongoing epidemic, according to a report published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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    Benefits of Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Remain Unclear

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- It remains unclear whether the benefits of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing outweigh the harms, but evidence suggests that men with a longer life expectancy may benefit from testing, according to a provisional clinical opinion from the American Society of Clinical Oncology published online July 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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    Higher Phthalate Levels Linked to Diabetes Risk in Women

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Urinary levels of several phthalates are associated with an increased odds of diabetes in women, according to a study published online July 13 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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    Most Doctors Satisfied With Electronic Health Records

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Although only 55 percent of physicians had adopted electronic health records (EHRs) in 2011, most are somewhat or very satisfied with their system and most report enhanced patient care, according to a July data brief issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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    Chronic Periodontitis Increases Risk of Psoriasis

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) are 1.5 times more likely to be diagnosed with psoriasis, and this risk is lessened but not nullified by CP treatment using gingivectomy or periodontal flap operation, according to research published online July 3 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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    High Serum Ceramides Linked to Increased Alzheimer's Risk

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Older women with high levels of specific serum ceramides have an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online July 18 in Neurology.

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    Poorer Patient Experience at Safety-Net Hospitals

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) perform worse on nearly every measure of patient experience, according to a study published online July 16 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    ~12,000 Preventable Deaths in English Hospitals Annually

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 12,000 hospital deaths in England each year are preventable, according to research published online July 7 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

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    Swedish Study Questions Value of Mammography Screening

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- County-specific mortality statistics from Sweden indicate little benefit of mammography screening on breast cancer mortality, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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    Post-Pneumonectomy, New Lung Growth ID'd in Adult Patient

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- New lung growth can occur in adult humans, according to a case report published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    ANCA-Associated Vasculitis Has Genetic Component

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- A genome-wide association study of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis shows a genetic contribution to disease susceptibility, which differs between granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Discrepancy in Perception of RA Disease Activity Elucidated

    THURSDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) see pain as the most significant determinant of their disease activity, while physicians see joint swelling as the most important determinant, according to a study published online July 18 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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    Another New Weight-Loss Drug Approved

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Qsymia (phentermine and topiramate extended-release) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, making it the second weight-loss drug to be given the agency's green light in less than a month.

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    Radical Prostatectomy Doesn't Cut Mortality Versus Observation

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- For men with clinically localized prostate cancer, radical prostatectomy does not significantly reduce all-cause or prostate-cancer mortality compared with observation through 12 years of follow-up, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    HIV-2 Infection Inhibits HIV-1 Disease Progression

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-1 disease progression seems to be inhibited by co-infection with HIV-2, with the slower rate of progression enhanced in those whose HIV-2 infection preceded HIV-1 infection, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Intervention to Prevent Stroke, Dementia Cuts Long-Term Care

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- In a real-world clinical setting, a multidomain prevention program for stroke and dementia can reduce the risk of long-term care (LTC) dependence, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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    Smoking Ups Recurrent Viral Hepatitis Post-Liver Transplant

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- For liver transplant recipients, smoking correlates with an increased risk of recurrent viral hepatitis, according to a study published in the July issue of Liver Transplantation.

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    High Infant Birth Weight Ups Maternal Breast Cancer Risk

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- For women who give birth to large birth weight infants, there is an increased risk of breast cancer, even after adjustment for the mother's birth weight and traditional breast cancer risk factors, according to a study published online July 17 in PLoS One.

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    Interferon Beta Doesn't Reduce Disability Progression in MS

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Interferon beta does not reduce the progression of disability in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Milk Thistle Not Effective for Refractory Chronic Hepatitis C

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the milk thistle extract silymarin does not provide additional benefit compared with placebo for patients with treatment-resistant chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Bariatric Surgery Does Not Reduce Health Care Expenses

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- In a group of older men with substantial disease burden, bariatric surgery is not associated with reduced health care expenditures within three years of surgery, according to research published in the July issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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    Mortality Risk Up for Fast-Walking Elderly With High BP

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Among elderly adults, the correlation between blood pressure (BP) and mortality varies with walking speed, according to research published online July 16 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Physical Inactivity Accounts for Considerable Disease Burden

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Physical inactivity has a considerable impact on the burden of major non-communicable diseases, and causes 9 percent of premature mortality worldwide, according to a study published online July 18 in The Lancet.

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    Obesity Linked to Economic Status in Developing Countries

    WEDNESDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- In low- and middle-income developing countries, socioeconomic status (SES) plays an important role in the development of obesity, particularly in women, according to research published online July 5 in Obesity Reviews.

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    First Drug Approved to Lower Risk of Acquiring HIV

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Truvada (emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) is the first drug to be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to reduce the risk of contracting HIV among adults at higher risk of acquiring the AIDS-causing virus.

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    New Drug Approved for Colonoscopy Preparation

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Prepopik (sodium picosulfate, magnesium oxide, and citric acid) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for adults preparing for a colonoscopy, a diagnostic procedure to inspect the colon's inner lining.

    National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

    Adding Stroke Severity Measure Improves Mortality Risk Models

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Adding stoke severity to a hospital 30-day mortality risk model improves model discrimination and hospital performance rankings, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Social Network Analysis IDs Informal Physician Networks

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Informal networks among physicians who share patients demonstrate substantial geographic variability, while within networks, physician and patient characteristics are similar, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Urinary Incontinence Common in Never-Pregnant Women

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Urinary incontinence (UI) is common in self-reports by young women who have never been pregnant, according to a study published in the July 17 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Gut Microbiota Correlate With Diet, Health in Elderly

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Analysis of gut microbiota from elderly individuals shows distinct groups that correlate with measures of health, including frailty and markers of inflammation, according to a study published online July 13 in Nature.

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    Drotrecogin Alfa (Activated) Effective in Severe Sepsis

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe sepsis, drotrecogin alfa (activated) is associated with significant reductions in hospital mortality, according to a study published online July 17 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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    Induction Chemo Beneficial in Locally Advanced Pancreatic CA

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- For most patients with locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma (LAPC), induction with a combination of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (GEMOX) followed by chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is feasible, resulting in clinical benefit, a chance of resectability, and improved survival, according to a study published online July 6 in Cancer.

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    Sodium Accumulation Noted in Brain in Multiple Sclerosis

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Use of sodium 23 (23Na) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has identified dramatic increases in total sodium concentration (TSC) in the brain of patients with advanced relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR MS), with increased sodium in gray matter correlating with disability, according to a study published online July 17 in Radiology.

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    Prevalence of Gout Increases With Increasing BMI

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- Having an increased body mass index (BMI) correlates with increased prevalence of gout in adults, according to study published online July 6 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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    NYC Restriction Tied to Lower Trans Fat Content of Fast Food

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of restaurant regulations restricting trans fat use in New York City (NYC) correlated with a significant decrease in the trans fat content of fast food purchases, according to a study published in the July 17 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Physical Abuse Doubles Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Women

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- After adjusting for age, ethnicity, and menopausal status, a history of childhood physical abuse more than doubles a woman's risk of developing metabolic syndrome during midlife, according to research published online July 9 in Health Psychology.

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    CO2 Laser Resurfacing Improves Atrophic Acne Scars

    TUESDAY, July 17 (HealthDay News) -- The texture and atrophy of moderate-to-severe atrophic acne scars can be improved using ablative fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser resurfacing treatment once a month for three months, according to a study published in the August issue of Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.

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    One in Five 19- to 64-Year-Old U.S. Women Uninsured in 2010

    MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- In 2010, 20 percent of women aged 19 to 64 years were uninsured, with many more inadequately insured, according to a report published July 13 by the Commonwealth Fund.

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    Aspirin Still First-Line Therapy for Unstable Angina/NSTEMI

    MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Aspirin is still the first line of therapy for patients with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and ticagrelor can be used in place of clopidogrel or prasugrel instead of aspirin or as a second antiplatelet agent, according to a report from the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF)/American Heart Association (AHA) published online July 16 in Circulation.

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    Endurance Training Cuts Lipid-Induced Insulin Resistance

    MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Endurance training seems to lessen the effect of lipid-induced insulin resistance, specifically by preventing lipid-induced reduction in nonoxidative glucose disposal (NOGD), according to a study published online July 10 in Diabetes.

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    Youth Access to Indoor Tanning Has Decreased Since 2003

    MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Since 2003 there has been an increase in the number of countries with nationwide indoor tanning legislation restricting access for youth, according to a study published online July 16 in the Archives of Dermatology.

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    Shorter Scope Interval Supported for Better CA Stage at Diagnosis

    MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- There is a significant benefit in the cancer stage at diagnosis for patients who undergo endoscopy screening, with similar benefits seen for intervals of one, two, and three years, according to a study published online July 16 in Cancer.

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    Using a Pedometer Ups Leisure Walking Time for Older Adults

    MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with time-based physical activity goals, using a pedometer to measure steps increases leisure walking time, even a year after the initial intervention, according to a study published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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    Physical Illness Hospitalization Found to Increase Suicide Risk

    MONDAY, July 16 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalization for physical illness more than doubles the risk of suicide, with approximately one-quarter of suicides attributable to physical illness, according to research published online July 9 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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    Hyperfiltration Independent Risk Factor for Diabetic Neuropathy

    FRIDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with type 2 diabetes, persistent glomerular hyperfiltration is associated with nephropathy and greater declines in renal function, according to a study published online July 6 in Diabetes Care.

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    One in Five Women Has Re-Op After Breast Cancer Surgery

    FRIDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Twenty percent of women who undergo breast conserving surgery in England undergo reoperation, which is significantly more likely for women with carcinoma in situ versus isolated invasive disease, according to a study published July 12 in BMJ.

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    Quality Care Demonstrated at Federally Qualified Health Centers

    FRIDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians working at Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) and FQHC look-alikes have similar or greater adherence to guidelines than primary care physicians (PCPs) at private practices, for 18 quality measures, according to a study published online July 10 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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    Active Surveillance Cost-Effective for Prostate Cancer

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- In a theoretical cohort of 120,000 men, selecting active surveillance for prostate cancer results in considerable cost savings at five and 10 years of follow-up, compared with immediate treatment, according to a study published in the July issue of Cancer.

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    CDC: Babesiosis Risk in Northeast/Upper Midwest Travel

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Adults and children are vulnerable to a host of tick- and mosquito-borne diseases in many Midwestern, Northeastern, and Southwestern states, according to two reports published in the July 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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    Less Stress Prevents Brain Lesions in Multiple Sclerosis

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- A 24-week stress management therapy (SMT) program reduces the number of new gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+) brain lesions in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), but effects are not sustained after 24 weeks, according to research published online July 11 in Neurology.

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    People Born in the Fall More Likely to Survive to 100

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- People born in the fall, from September to November, are significantly more likely to reach 100 years of age compared with those born in March, according to a study published in the Journal of Aging Research.

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    Erectile Dysfunction Prevalence Higher in HIV-Infected Men

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- HIV infection in men is a strong, independent predictor of erectile dysfunction (ED), regardless of age and body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the July issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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    Drug Reduces Graft-Versus-Host After Stem Cell Transplant

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- The chemokine receptor CCR5 antagonist maraviroc, which blocks lymphocyte trafficking, is safe and reduces the incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, according to a phase I and II study published in the July 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    RA Patients Are Receiving Recommended Cancer Screenings

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receive cancer screening tests at higher rates than that of the general population, according to a study published online July 10 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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    Abuse-Deterrent OxyContin Produces Unexpected Outcome

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Introduction of an abuse-deterrent formulation of OxyContin correlated with a significant reduction in its abuse, but was accompanied by an increase in abuse of other opioids and heroin, according to a letter published in the July 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Long-Term Mortality Risk Low After Cerebral Vein Thrombosis

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- For patients who survive a cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT), the long-term risk of mortality and recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) seems to be low, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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    Turmeric Component Reduces Type 2 Diabetes Incidence

    THURSDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- A component of turmeric -- curcumin -- reduces the incidence of type 2 diabetes and improves β-cell function in adults with prediabetes, according to a study published online July 6 in Diabetes Care.

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    Resistance Training Improves Some Inflammatory Markers

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Resistance training (RT) can reduce visceral fat and alter levels of certain inflammatory markers, according to research published in the July issue of Obesity Reviews.

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    Pathophysiology May Help ID Rare, Early Form of Alzheimer's

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- In dominantly inherited Alzheimer's disease, clinical and biomarker changes occur decades before the expected onset of disease symptoms, according to a study published online July 11 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis With Antiretrovirals Explored

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- The efficacy of prophylactic treatment with the antiretroviral combination of tenofovir and emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) seems to vary in different populations, according to three studies published online July 11 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Alcohol Intake Attenuates Bone Turnover After Menopause

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, there are increased levels of markers of bone turnover with alcohol abstinence, while resumption of alcohol intake reduces levels of these markers, according to a study published online July 9 in Menopause.

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    Considerable Variation in Weight Gain for Those Who Quit Smoking

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals who quit smoking gain a mean of 4 to 5 kg within the first 12 months, with the greatest weight gain occurring during the first three months, according to a meta-analysis published online July 10 in BMJ.

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    Analysis Supports Cranberry Products for Reducing UTI Risk

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- For some individuals, use of cranberry-containing products appear to protect against urinary tract infections (UTIs), according to the results of a review and meta-analysis published in the July 9 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Drug-Eluting Stent Use Unrelated to Probable Benefit

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- The use of drug-eluting stents (DES) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not related to the patients' predicted risk of target-vessel revascularization (TVR), according to a study published online July 9 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Moderate Drinking Cuts Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Women

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate alcohol consumption correlates with reduced incidence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) among women, according to a study published online July 10 in BMJ.

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    Supplement Mixture Improves Memory in Mild Alzheimer's

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- A supplement mixture (Souvenaid) containing dietary precursors and specific nutrients can improve memory in drug-naive patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

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    Trackable Blood Cells Feasible for MRI Monitoring

    WEDNESDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Blood cells labeled with superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (SPIO) are safe and can be tracked by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which may allow better monitoring of cell-based therapies, according to a study published online July 10 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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    Acadesine Doesn't Improve Outcomes After CABG

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Administration of acadesine before, during, and immediately after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery to regulate adenosine does not reduce the composite measure of all-cause mortality, nonfatal stroke, or the need for mechanical support for severe left ventricular dysfunction (SLVD), according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Breastfeeding Linked to Lower BMI in Postmenopausal Women

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Breastfeeding correlates with a small but significant reduction in body mass index (BMI) much later in life, according to a study published online July 10 in the International Journal of Obesity.

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    Flu Shot in Pregnancy Not Tied to Adverse Fetal Outcomes

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to adjuvanted influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination during pregnancy does not increase the risk of adverse fetal outcomes, and influenza vaccination correlates with a small but significantly increased risk of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), according to two studies published in the July 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Emergency Service Hospital Prenotification Ups Stroke Tx

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency medical service (EMS) hospital prenotification results in more timely imaging and administration of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and an increased proportion of eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke receiving tPA, according to a study published online July 10 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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    Factors Impacting Quality of Life at End of Life Identified

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Nine factors explain some of the variance in the quality of life (QOL) of patients with advanced cancer in end-of-life (EOL) care, according to a study published online July 9 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Reducing Sedentary Behavior Could Increase Life Expectancy

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, reducing sedentary behaviors, including sitting and television viewing, may result in an increase in life expectancy, according to a study published online July 9 in BMJ Open.

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    GI Cancer Resection OK With Mild Cirrhotic Liver Dysfunction

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with cirrhosis, resection of gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies correlates with poor early postoperative outcomes, with severity of liver disease being the primary determinant of postoperative mortality, according to a study published in the July issue of Cancer.

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    Sleep Deprivation Affects Immune Cell Rhythm

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep deprivation affects the daily rhythms and levels of granulocytes, and mirrors the body's immune response to stress, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of SLEEP.

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    Lower Risk of Adverse Outcomes Seen in Obese With Heart Failure

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- For both women and men with advanced heart failure, having a high body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) is associated with a reduced risk of adverse outcomes, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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    Meditation Training May Lower Respiratory Illness Burden

    TUESDAY, July 10 (HealthDay News) -- Training in mindfulness meditation or exercise is linked to a decrease in the severity and duration of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in adults, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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    New Test Helps Evaluate Erbitux's Merit

    MONDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- A new genetic test to help doctors determine if the drug Erbitux would be an effective treatment for certain colorectal cancer patients has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

    this approval

    Nonnutritive Sweetener Role in Cutting Sugar Intake Explored

    MONDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- Although the evidence is limited, nonnutritive sweeteners (NNS) have a potential role to play in facilitating reduction of added sugar intake, as long as they do not cause a compensatory increase in energy intake, according to a new scientific statement issued by the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association and published online July 9 in Circulation.

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    Screening Men for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Cost-Effective

    MONDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- For 65-year-old men, screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm is cost-effective, and rescreening should be considered for high-risk men, according to a study published online July 5 in BMJ.

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    Anxiety, Depression Common in Adults With Arthritis

    MONDAY, July 9 (HealthDay News) -- Anxiety and depression are both common among U.S. adults with arthritis, with anxiety found more often than depression, according to a study published in the July issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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    Greater Immersion, Visual Symptoms With 3D Viewing

    FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Viewing stereoscopic three-dimensional (3D) movies correlates with heightened perceived immersion, and with increased viewing symptoms, according to a study published in the July issue of Optometry and Vision Science.

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    Correlates of Diabetic Foot Complications Identified

    FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes, increased poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) immunoreactivity, reduced abundance of type 1 procollagen, and impaired skin structure correlate with foot complications, according to a study published online June 29 in Diabetes Care.

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    Gastrointestinal Perforation Rare in Rheumatoid Arthritis

    FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Gastrointestinal (GI) perforation is a rare but serious condition that affects patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), most frequently in the lower GI tract, according to a study published online June 21 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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    Medicare Part D Gap Lowers Maintenance Antidepressant Use

    FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- The Medicare Part D coverage gap correlates with modest reductions in the use of antidepressants among older adults, which are similar to the reduction in prescriptions for heart failure and diabetes medications, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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    Obesity Is a Risk Factor for Poor Remission Rates in RA

    FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (anti-TNFα) therapies, obesity is related to poor remission rates, according to a study published online June 21 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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    Early Intensive Diabetes Therapy Preserves β-Cell Function

    FRIDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Early, intensive therapy for type 2 diabetes with either insulin plus metformin or triple oral therapy preserves β-cell function for at least 3.5 years, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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    New, Combined Equation More Accurately Estimates GFR

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- A combined creatinine-cystatin C equation has improved performance and accuracy for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR), according to research published in the July 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    CDC: Chagas Disease May Be Overlooked in Newborns

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Chagas disease, a parasitic infection that can lead to cardiomyopathy, is usually transmitted by contact with triatomine insects, but it can be passed congenitally, according to a case report published in the July 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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    Fingolimod Slows Progress of Multiple Sclerosis

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with remitting-relapsing multiple sclerosis, fingolimod correlates with reduced inflammatory activity, tissue damage, and brain volume loss, as indicated by measures on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) over a two-year period, according to a study published online July 2 in the Archives of Neurology.

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    Undernutrition Still a Major Issue in Developing Countries

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Although some progress has been made toward meeting Millennium Development Goal 1 (MDG 1) in developing countries, the chances of these countries as a whole meeting the goal are less than 5 percent, according to a study published online July 5 in The Lancet.

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    Eltrombopag Linked to Clinical Response in Aplastic Anemia

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- For some patients with severe refractory aplastic anemia, treatment with eltrombopag is associated with clinically significant improvements in platelet, erythroid, and neutrophil lineages at 12 weeks, according to a study published in the July 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    High-Dose Vitamin D 'Somewhat Favorable' in Fracture Prevention

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- High-dose (≥800 IU daily) vitamin D supplementation is associated with a decreased risk of hip fracture and nonvertebral fractures among older adults, according to a study published in the July 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Positive Outcome No More Likely in Industry-Funded Trials

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Industry-sponsored clinical trials of rheumatoid arthritis drugs are no more likely to report positive outcomes than trials funded by other means, and in many cases use better methodology, according to research published in the July issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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    Post-Cardiac Op Delirium Tied to Long-Term Cognitive Decline

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing cardiac surgery, postoperative development of delirium correlates with a decline in cognitive ability during the first year after surgery, according to a study published in the July 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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    Common Etiology for ASD, Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder

    THURSDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder seem to share etiologic factors, with an increased risk of ASD for individuals whose first-degree relatives have schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, according to research published online July 2 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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    Taser Use Does Not Cause Fatal Cardiac Dysrhythmias

    WEDNESDAY, July 4 (HealthDay News) -- The field use of conducted electrical weapons (CEWs), or Tasers, with a probe impact configuration capable of causing a transcardiac discharge vector does not result in immediately fatal cardiac dysrhythmias, according to research published online June 6 in the Journal of Emergency Medicine.

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    Community, Hospital MRSA Bacteremia Down in U.S. Military

    TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of both community-onset and hospital-onset methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia decreased from 2005 to 2010 among military personnel, according to a study published in the July 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    First Over-the-Counter HIV Test Approved

    TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- The first over-the-counter test to detect antibodies to the virus that causes AIDS has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the agency said Tuesday.

    AIDS.gov

    No Increase in Shingles After Vaccine in Those on Biologics

    TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- Live attenuated herpes zoster (HZ) vaccine is not associated with an increased risk of HZ shortly after vaccination in patients treated with biologics for immune-mediated diseases, according to a study published in the July 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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    Limited Evidence Links Pioglitazone to Bladder Cancer

    TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- Limited evidence supports an increased risk of bladder cancer in adults with type 2 diabetes treated with thiazolidinediones, specifically pioglitazone, according to a review and meta-analysis published online July 3 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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    Factors ID'd for Outcome of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- Single-tract percutaneous nephrolithotomy (sPCNL) is effective for clearing renal stones, with stone size, location, and prior shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) identified as independent predictors of stone clearance, according to a study published in the July issue of Urology.

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    Novel Susceptibility Loci Identified for Osteoarthritis

    TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- Five novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are significantly associated with osteoarthritis, including one near the nucleostemin-encoding gene, according to a study published online July 3 in The Lancet.

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    Botox May Reduce Arm Tremors in Multiple Sclerosis

    TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- Targeted botulinum toxin type A injections may be an effective treatment option for disabling arm tremors in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, according to a study published in the July 3 issue of Neurology.

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    Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug Not Linked to Specific Birth Defects

    TUESDAY, July 3 (HealthDay News) -- The rheumatoid arthritis drug leflunomide is not a major cause of birth defects in women who inadvertently become pregnant while taking the drug, although pregnancy should be avoided, according to a study in the July issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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    Post-Cardiac Op Risk Not Up for Jehovah's Witness Patients

    MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- For Jehovah's Witness patients (Witnesses) who undergo cardiac surgery, morbidity and long-term mortality are similar or superior to that of patients who receive transfusions, according to a study published online July 2 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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    Western-Style Fast Food Poses Health Risk to Singaporeans

    MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese Singaporeans who frequently consume Western-style fast food items have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, according to a study published online July 2 in Circulation.

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    Pharmacist Intervention Does Not Prevent Medication Errors

    MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- A pharmacist-delivered intervention does not significantly improve the rate of clinically important medication errors following discharge among hospitalized heart patients, according to a study published in the July 3 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Long-Term Rituximab Safe for Patients With Wegener's

    MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- Repeated and prolonged use of rituximab for B-cell depletion to treat relapses or maintain remission is safe and effective in patients with refractory granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; Wegener's), a primary systemic small vessel vasculitis, according to a study published online June 21 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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    Childhood Physical Discipline Linked to Mental Health Issues

    MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- A significant percentage of mood, anxiety, and personality disorders and substance abuse in U.S. adults can be attributed to harsh physical punishment during childhood, according to research published online July 2 in Pediatrics.

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    CT Colonography Is a Viable Screening Test in Older Adults

    MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients who undergo computed tomography colonography (CTC), the rates of referral to colonoscopy and prevalence of advanced neoplasia are low, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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    Older Americans Report Fewer Vision Problems

    MONDAY, July 2 (HealthDay News) -- Over the past several decades there has been a significant decrease in the prevalence of self-reported visual impairment among older adults in the United States, according to research published online June 8 in Ophthalmology.

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