A Joint Specific Biomarker for Diagnosing Arthritis
Learn about the clinical benefits of a novel biomarker to aid in the diagnosis of early Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). New guidelines for the classification of RA have been developed that go beyond Rheumatoid factor. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP IgG) antibody has been added to the criteria and is highly specific for RA. However both RF and CCP have limitations. Both have low sensitivity in early RA. Both can be seronegative in up to 44% of RA patients. A new biomarker, 14-3-3eta, normally an intracellular protein, has been discovered. It is released into the extracellular environment from the inflamed joint in RA and can be detected in a simple blood test. The 14-3-3eta protein test increases identification of early RA patients. This facilitates early treatment of this progressive and debilitating disease.
A positive 14-3-3eta test should trigger a priority rheumatology referral by the primary care physician. Higher levels of 14-3-3eta protein indicate more aggressive disease and significant joint deterioration. With early intervention of biological therapy, decreasing serial measurements of 14-3-3eta protein indicate favorable patient response. Decreasing serial measurements indicate favorable response to biological therapy.