1. Silvia S. Martins, MD, PhD; Aaron Sarvet, MPH; Julian Santaella-Tenorio, MSc; Tulshi Saha, PhD; Bridget F. Grant, PhD; Deborah S. Hasin, PhD (2017). Changes in US Lifetime Heroin Use and Heroin Use Disorder Prevalence From the 2001-2002 to 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions JAMA Psychiatry. 2017;74(5):445-455. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.0113
  2. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain