Overview

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a multi-factorial disease, and its prevalence continues to rise. Lifestyle changes remain a key component of the interventions that require patient participation to initiate and sustain. Additionally, several pharmacological options are available to address the various pathophysiological factors involved in T2DM. Some of these agents have demonstrated cardiovascular benefit, and the renoprotective effect of certain medications has also been investigated with promising results. This knowledge helps PCPs to use appropriate pharmacological agents to individualize treatment plans while following the principles of patient centered care.   

Learning Objectives

  • Review the epidemiology and the economic burden of T2DM 
  • Explore the pathophysiological factors associated with T2DM
  • Discuss recent guidelines for glycemic control 
  • Assess the safety profile of the various classes of agents for management of T2DM 
  • Evaluate the cardiovascular and renal benefit of various antihyperglycemic agents

Faculty

Tina K. Thethi, MD, MPH, FACE

Associate Investigator, AdventHealth, Translational Research Institute
Endocrinologist, AdventHealth, Diabetes Institute 
Orlando, FL

Disclosures

The following relevant financial relationships have been disclosed by faculty, and all have been mitigated by Pri-Med Institute.

Tina Kaur Thethi, MD, MPH: Speaker's Bureau and Consultant for Novo Nordisk. Contracted Research for Astra Zeneca.  

Charles Vega, MD, FAAFP (moderator): No relevant financial relationships disclosed. 

Non-faculty contributors and others involved in the planning, development, and editing/review of the content have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.

CME/CE Information

AMA PRA Category 1 Credits

Accreditation Statement

Pri-Med Institute is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.


Designation Statement

Pri-Med Institute designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

AANP

Accreditation Statement

Pri-Med Institute is accredited by the American Association of Nurse Practitioners as an approved provider of nurse practitioner continuing education. Provider Number 040308.


Designation Statement

This activity is approved for 1.00 contact hour of continuing education, which includes 0.60 hour of pharmacology.

Instructions for Obtaining Credit

Once you have completed the activity, please click the "next" button to advance to the post-activity assessment. To complete this activity and claim credit, you must answer 2 out of the 3 questions correctly. If you are not successful after your first attempt, you will be given an opportunity to reflect upon the answer rationales and have the opportunity to review the educational content before proceeding. Once you have selected your answers, click the "submit" button to complete the evaluation questions and proceed to the claim credit screen. For PAs, the NCCPA accepts for Category 1 CME credit activities designated for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit.

MOC Credit Information

Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 1.00 Medical Knowledge MOC point in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit. 


Fine Print

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The opinions, ideas, and recommendations expressed in this educational activity are those of the faculty only and are not necessarily endorsed by, nor do they necessarily reflect, those of their affiliated institutions, Pri-Med Institute, Pri-Med Institute Advisory Boards and Consultants, DBC Pri-Med, LLC.

Clinical judgment must guide each clinician in weighing the possible risks, benefits, or contraindications of any diagnostics, interventions or treatments discussed. Clinicians should review manufacturers’ product information and consider these with the recommendations of other authorities when applying the assessment and/or clinical management strategies discussed in this activity to the care of their patients. Data, indications, and guidelines presented in this activity are current as of the activity release date and they are subject to change as new information is published.

Pri-Med Institute educational activities are developed and conducted in accordance with the ACCME's Essential Areas and Policies. It is the mission of Pri-Med Institute to develop and present educational activities that are timely, fair-balanced, scientifically rigorous, and that serve to improve patient outcomes. To that end, we welcome your comments about how to better serve your needs.

Pri-Med Institute Accredited Provider
Pri-Med programs are owned and operated by DBC Pri-Med, LLC, a division of Diversified Communications, Inc. Pri-Med Institute, the accredited division of Pri-Med, is accredited with commendation by the ACCME and approved as a provider of continuing education by the AANP. Pri-Med Institute is the accredited provider for this activity.

Disclosures and Conflict of Interest
Pri-Med Institute requires all individuals in a position to influence educational content for Pri-Med Institute-certified CME/CE activities to disclose relevant personal financial relationships with commercial interests prior to contributing to its educational activities. Pri-Med Institute assesses disclosed relationships and follows a defined process to resolve real or implied conflicts to ensure, to the best of its ability, that all educational content is free of commercial bias. Financial disclosures are listed in the activity syllabus and will also be printed on the slides and announced at the start of each presentation.

Discussion of Off-Label Uses and Investigational Products
During the course of their presentations, the faculty may mention uses of products that have not been approved in the United States for the indication(s) being discussed. All presenters are instructed to notify participants when they are discussing unapproved uses or investigational agents. In addition, specific slides will include notation of the off-label use or investigational agent being discussed. Views presented related to unapproved uses of products are solely those of the presenter(s) and are not endorsed by Pri-Med Institute or DBC Pri-Med, LLC.

Questions? If you have questions about this activity, please email support@pri-med.com or call (877) 477-4633.