Richard F. Mollica, MD, MAR is the Director of the Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma (HPRT) of Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. He received his medical degree from the University of New Mexico and completed his Psychiatry residency at Yale Medical School. While at Yale he also trained in epidemiology and received a philosophy degree from the Divinity School. In 1981, Dr. Mollica co-founded the Indochinese Psychiatry Clinic (IPC). Over the past two decades HPRT and IPC have pioneered the mental health care of survivors of mass violence and torture. HPRT/IPC's clinical model has been replicated throughout the world. HPRT's scientific work has helped place mental health issues at the center of the recovery of post-conflict societies. In December 2004, as President of Project 1 Billion, he and his international colleagues organized the first global meeting of Ministries of Health from 35 post-conflict nations in Rome, Italy. That established a scientific Mental Health Action Plan and Book of Best Practices.